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Mexico

free sms worldThe United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos (help·info), or simply Mexico (Spanish: Mexico (help·info) is a country located in North America, bordered at the north by the United States, and at the south by Central America with Guatemala and Belize. Its capital is Mexico City which is one of the largest cities on earth.

Covering almost 2 million km? makes one of the largest countries in America and the 15th worldwide. It is also the 11th most populous country with approximately 106 million people and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world.

As the only country in Latin America member of the OECD since 1994, Mexico is firmly established as an upper middle-income country. Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time since 1910 that the opposition defeated the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and Vicente Fox of the National Action Party (PAN) was sworn in as President on December 1, 2000. The current President is Felipe Calderon Hinojosa, from the same party.

Major cities

The following is a list of the major metropolitan areas of Mexico in order of population (as reported in the 2005 census):

Rank City State Population Region
1 Mexico City Federal District 19.23 million Center South
2 Guadalajara Jalisco 4.10 million West
3 Monterrey Nuevo Leon 3.66 million North East
4 Puebla Puebla 2.11 million East
5 Toluca Mexico 1.61 million Center South
6 Tijuana Baja California 1.48 million North West
7 Leon Guanajuato 1.43 million Center
8 Ciudad Juarez Chihuahua 1.31 million North West
9 Torreon Coahuila 1.11 million North East
10 San Luis Potosi  San Luis Potosi  0.96 million Center
11 Queretaro Queretaro 0.92 million Center
12 Merida Yucatan 0.90 million South East
13 Mexicali Baja California 0.85 million North West
14 Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 0.81 million Center
15 Tampico Tamaulipas 0.80 million North East
16 Cuernavaca Morelos 0.79 million Center
17 Acapulco Guerrero 0.79 million South
18 Chihuahua Chihuahua 0.78 million North East
19 Culiacan Sinaloa 0.76 million North West

Immigration

mexico new santa fe, city mexicoAbout 1 million American expatriates live in Mexico as retirees or businessmen, which represent 1% of the Mexican population and 25% of all American citizens abroad. Other important foreign communities in Mexico are those of Argentine, Brazilian, Cuban, Colombian and Peruvian immigrants, among others. The government, throughout the 20th century followed the policy of granting asylum to fellow Latin Americans and Europeans (mostly Spaniards) fleeing political persecution in their home countries. Large numbers of Chileans arrived in Mexico and nearby California – especially during the 1850s gold rush – although California was then annexed by the United States. Since the 1970s, over 100,000 Central American people have immigrated to Mexico.

With 1 million American expatriates, Mexico is home of the largest American community abroad. This may be due to the growing economic and business interdependence of the two countries under NAFTA and Mexico's increasing popularity among retirees. A clear example of the latter is seen in San Miguel de Allende and many towns along the Baja California peninsula and around Guadalajara, Jalisco. The official figure for foreign-born citizens in Mexico is 493,000 (since 2004), with a majority (86.9%) of these born in the United States (except Chiapas, where the majority of immigrants are from Central America). The five states with the most immigrants are Baja California (12.1% of total immigrants), Mexico City (the Federal District; 11.4%), Jalisco (9.9%), Chihuahua (9%) and Tamaulipas (7.3%). More than 54.6% of the immigrant population are fifteen years old or younger, while 9% are fifty or older.

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