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Russia

отправить бесплатно smsRussia, also the Russian Federation, listen, is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of Eurasia. With an area of 17,075,400 km2, Russia is the largest country in the world by land mass, covering almost twice the territory of the next-largest country, Canada, and has the world's eighth-largest population. Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It is also close to the United States and Japan across relatively small stretches of water.

picture of russiaFormerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), the dominant republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Russia has been an independent country since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991. After the Soviet era, the area, population, and industrial production of the Soviet Union that was located in Russia passed on to the Russian Federation.

After the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russia's global role was greatly diminished, although the nation still remains influential. Because Russia is considered the Soviet Union's successor state in diplomatic matters it is one of five states with permanent membership on the United Nations Security Council and veto power. It is also one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and possesses the world's largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is also leader of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the group of former Soviet republics, as well as Quartet, one of the six parties in the six-party talks, one of  free send smstwo leaders in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and a G8 member.

In October 2005, the federal statistics agency reported that Russia's population has shrunk by more than half a million people dipping to 143 million, although Russia became the second-country in the world by the number of immigrants from abroad.

Largest cities

As of 2005 Russia has 13 cities with over a million inhabitants.

Rank City/town Russian Federal subject Population
1 Moscow Москва Moscow Oblast 10,342,151
2 Saint Petersburg Санкт-Петербург Leningrad Oblast 4,661,219
3 Novosibirsk Новосибирск Novosibirsk Oblast 1,425,508
4 Nizhny Novgorod Нижний Новгород Nizhny Novgorod Oblast 1,311,252
5 Yekaterinburg Екатеринбург Sverdlovsk Oblast 1,293,537
6 Samara Самара Samara Oblast 1,157,880
7 Omsk Омск Omsk Oblast 1,134,016
8 Kazan Казань Republic of Tatarstan 1,105,289
9 Chelyabinsk Челябинск Chelyabinsk Oblast 1,077,174
10 Rostov-na-Donu Ростов-на-Дону Rostov Oblast 1,068,267
11 Ufa Уфа Republic of Bashkortostan 1,042,437
12 Volgograd Волгоград Volgograd Oblast 1,011,417
13 Perm Пермь Perm Krai 1,001,653
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