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Spain

free message online send smsSpain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Southern Europe, with two small exclaves in North Africa (both bordering Morocco). Spain is a democracy which is organized as a parliamentary monarchy. It is a developed country with the ninth-largest economy in the world. It is the larger of two sovereign states that make up the Iberian Peninsula-the other is Portugal.

To the south, Spain borders Gibraltar (a British overseas territory) and Morocco, through its cities in North Africa (Ceuta and Melilla). To the northeast, along the Pyrenees mountain range, it borders France and the tiny principality of Andorra. It also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and a number of uninhabited islands on the Mediterranean side of the strait of Gibraltar, known as Plazas de soberania, such as the Chafarine islands, the isle of Alboran, the "rocks" (penones) of Velez and Alhucemas, and the tiny Isla Perejil. In the northeast along the Pyrenees, a small exclave town called Llivia in Catalonia is surrounded by French territory.

Geography

free sms to spainMainland Spain is dominated by high plateaus and mountain ranges such as the Pyrenees or the Sierra Nevada. Running from these heights are several major rivers such as the Tajo, the Ebro, the Duero, the Guadiana and the Guadalquivir. Alluvial plains are found along the coast, the largest of which is that of the Guadalquivir in Andalusia, in the east there are alluvial plains with medium rivers like Segura, Jucar and Turia. Spain is bound to the south and east by Mediterranean Sea (containing the Balearic Islands), to the north by the Cantabrian Sea and to its west by the Atlantic Ocean, where the Canary Islands off the African coast are found. Spain shares borders with Andorra 63.7 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km and Morocco 6.3 km .

Due to Spain's own geographical situation which allows only its northern part to be in the way of the Jet Stream's typical path and due to its own orographic conditions, its climate is extremely diverse. It can be roughly divided in the following areas:

valencia spainThe Northern and Eastern Mediterranean coast (Catalonia, Northern half of the Valencian Community and the Balearic islands): Warm to hot summers with relatively mild to cool winters. Precipitation averaging 600 mm (23.6 in) a year. These show an average Mediterranean climate.
The South East Mediterranean coast (Alicante, Murcia and Almeria): Hot summers and mild to cool winters. Very dry, virtually sub-desertic, rainfall as low as 150 mm (5.9 in) a year in the Cabo de Gata which is reported to be the driest place in Europe. These areas qualify mostly as Semiarid climate in terms of precipitation.
Southern Mediterranean coast (Malaga and Granada's coastal areas): Warm summers, very mild winters. Average yearly temperatures close to 20 degrees Celsius (68F) and wet. Close to Subtropical climate.
The Guadalquivir valley (Seville, Cordoba): Very hot and dry summers and mild winters. Relatively dry climate.
South West Atlantic coast (Cadiz, Huelva): Pleasant summers, very mild and temperate winters. Relatively wet climate.
The inner land plateau (Madrid, Valladolid, Toledo) and the Ebro Valley (Zaragoza): Cold winters (depending mostly on altitude) and hot summers, close to the Continental climate. Relatively dry weather (400-600mm or 15.7 - 23.6 in per year).
Northern Atlantic coast or "Green Spain" (Galicia, Asturias, Coastal Basque country): A very wet climate (averaging 1000 mm. or 39.4 in a year, some spots over 1200 mm. or 47.2 in), with mild summers and mild to cool winters. These show mostly an Oceanic climate.
The Pyrenees: overall wet weather with cool summers and cold winters, the highest part of it has an Alpine climate.
The Canary Islands: Subtropical climate in terms of temperature, being these mild and stable (18 C to 24 C; 64 F to 75 F) throughout the year. Desertic in the Eastern islands and moister in the westernmost ones.
At 194,884 mi? (504,782 km?), Spain is the world's 51st-largest country (after Thailand). It is comparable in size to Turkmenistan, and somewhat larger than the US state of California.

Location Record highs Record lows
(C) (F) (C) (F)
Mediterranean
Murcia  47.2C   117.0F    ?6.0C   21.2F  
Malaga  44.2C   111.6F   ?3.8C   25.1F  
Valencia  42.5C   108.5F   ?7.2C   19F  
Alicante  41.4C   106.5F   ?4.6C   23.7F  
Palma of Mallorca  40.6C   105.1F   -   - 
Barcelona  39.8C   103.6F   ?10.0C   14F  
Gerona  41.7   107F    ?13.0C   8.6F  
The inner land
Sevilla  50.0C   122F    ?5.5C   22.1F  
Cordoba  46.6C   115.9F    -   -  
Badajoz  45.0C   113F    -   -  
Albacete  42.6C   108.7F    ?24.0C   ?11.2F  
Zaragoza  42.6C   108.7F    -   -  
Madrid  42.2C   108.0F    ?14.8C   5.4F 
Burgos  41.8C   107.2F    ?22.0C   ?7.6F 
Valladolid  40.2C   104.4F    -   - 
Salamanca  -   -    ?20.0C   ?4.0F 
Teruel  -   -    ?27.0C   ?2.2F 
Northern Atlantic coast (C) (F) (C) (F)
Orense  45C   113F    ?9.0C   15.8F 
Bilbao  42.0C   107.6F    ?8.6C   16.5F 
La Coruna  37.6C   99.7F    ?4.8C   23.4F 
Gijon  36.4C   97.5F    ?4.8C   23.4F 
The Canary Islands
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria  38.6C   102F    11.4    48.6F 
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